Reports Show Dengue Fever CAN Be Transmitted to the Larvae and Eggs

I’ve had many concerns on whether Dengue Fever can be transmitted from the female mosquito to their larvae and on to the eggs and it appears that it can happen!

Mosquito Laying Eggs
Big Island Video News posted the following video which showed the Hawaii State Department of Health Representative basically stating that they can’t confirm whether Dengue Fever can be spread to the eggs and larvae.

Thanks to the Hawaii Dengue Fever Awareness Facebook page, I’ve learned of more recent research that has been going on that shows that Dengue Fever can be passed on to the larvae and eggs:

Carey Yost posted some links she came across regarding this subject:

“…some of the more recent tropical information states that it can & does happen in some locations naturally (it has been known to happen in lab inoculations for a time:

Factors that influence mosquito competence for viral transmission:…/1633/463.short…/j.1365-2915…/abstract

There have been some isolated findings of naturally infected A. aegypti larva with DEN- 2 & 4, suggesting that transovarial transmission can occur (this testing is fairly new, prior methods of testing were fairly prohibitive on large scale natural larval pools):…/j.1948-7134.2011…/full…/0deec53b2381fc325d000000…

and in lab inoculated mosquitoes:

Yost said: “It is not real common, in the pools tested there are very very very few naturally occurring cases, and this has only been found in very few locations, though there have been samplings in most Dengue regions…so not at all a very common thing, but there is a slight chance, so everyone should be very diligent to eliminate larvae breeding areas…that is: any standing water: from things like; old tires, catchment tanks with breeding covers or that are not in use, even shells from coconuts, avocados, & lilikoi can provide adequate breeding area foe a slew of mosquitoes.”

Yost continued, “It is not the NORMAL way of transmission & until the recent advent of fairly inexpensive DNA testing, was not something anyone would test for (old methods were very expensive & time consuming)”

Updated Dengue Fever Map Pinpoints More Cases

The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) is investigating a cluster of locally-acquired cases of dengue fever on Hawaii Island (the Big Island). Dengue is not endemic to Hawaii. However, it is intermittently imported from endemic areas by infected travelers. This is the first cluster of locally-acquired dengue fever since the 2011 outbreak on Oahu.  The Big Island and the rest of Hawaii remain safe destinations for visitors and residents.

As of December 8, 2015*:

Hawaii Island residents 122
Visitors 17
Confirmed cases, TOTAL 139

Of the confirmed cases, 122 are Hawaii Island residents and 17 are visitors.
108 cases have been adults; 31 have been children (<18 years of age). Onset of illness has ranged between 9/11/15 – 11/30/15.

As of today, a total of 452 reported potential cases have been excluded based on test results and/or not meeting case criteria.


Click to enlarge

Click to enlarge

For a map of potential areas of infection by mosquito for confirmed dengue fever cases, click HERE**. (Updated December 2, 2015)

For Hawaii Island Dengue Fever Unified Command Updates, click HERE.  (Updated December 2, 2015)

HDOH continues to routinely monitor for cases of imported dengue infection on ALL islands and will continue to have Vector Control perform mosquito site assessments and abatement as needed.  Since the beginning of our current investigation on Hawaii island, one imported dengue fever case has been confirmed (on Oahu). This case is not associated with the Hawaii island investigation.

Senator Schatz Replies to Donald Trump’s Proposal to Bar All Muslims From Entering the US

U.S. Senator Brian Schatz (D-Hawai‘i) released the following statement in response to Donald Trump’s proposal to bar all Muslims from entering the United States:

Senator Brian Schatz in Puna after Hurricane Iselle.

Senator Brian Schatz in Puna after Hurricane Iselle.

“When Donald Trump proposed to block all Muslims from entering the United States, he referred to Roosevelt’s classification of thousands of Japanese, Germans, and Italians during the war as “enemy aliens” as precedent.   This shameful page of our history led to the internment of thousands of Japanese American families.

“In 1988, President Reagan offered a formal apology for this disgrace.  We should remember this chapter in history in order to never repeat the same injustice.”

HELCO Announces Partial Lane Closure Near Big Island Country Club

Hawaii Electric Light Company announces a partial lane closure on Highway 190 near the 20-mile marker in the area of Big Island Country Club and Puu Lani Ranch in Puu Anahulu. Work will begin on Monday, December 14, and is expected to be completed by Wednesday, December 23, weather permitting.

Helco new Logo 2

One lane will be closed to traffic from 8:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. to allow the company to relocate utility poles. Motorists are advised to expect delays of up to 10 minutes and encouraged to use alternate routes.

Hawaii Electric Light regrets any inconvenience this may cause and thanks the community for their patience and understanding.

If there are any questions or concerns, please call 969-6666.

46 Big Island Schools Receive Chevron’s Fuel Your School Funds

Chevron U.S.A. Inc. announced today that its 2015 Fuel Your School program generated $350,000 to help fund 391 classroom projects, including 148 focused on science, technology, engineering and math (STEM), to help connect real world experiences to classroom learning for 35,539 students at 144 Hawaii public schools.

Carina Tagupa (Chevron Hawaii), Randy Kurohara (Hawaii County), Anne Inouye (Chevron Hawaii Retailer), Charlotte Godfrey-Romos (Kalanianaole Elementary) and Ilihia Gionson (Hawaii County) with proclamation from Mayor Kenoi recognizing FYS program efforts on Hawaii Island.

Carina Tagupa (Chevron Hawaii), Randy Kurohara (Hawaii County), Anne Inouye (Chevron Hawaii Retailer), Charlotte Godfrey-Romos (Kalanianaole Elementary) and Ilihia Gionson (Hawaii County) with proclamation from Mayor Kenoi recognizing FYS program efforts on Hawaii Island.

Students at Pauoa Elementary School received iPad minis to help them collect data from a nearby stream. The technology will be used to aid science experiments.

“In my classroom, I want to foster a sense of engagement through culturally relevant, project-based learning journeys,” said Ramsey Soto, teacher recipient at Pauoa Elementary School. “The project that Chevron helped fund will not only help my students understand STEM curriculum standards, but also give them the opportunity to apply what they are learning to an authentic, real world problem.”

Through the Fuel Your School program, Chevron contributed $1 when consumers purchased eight or more gallons of fuel at participating Chevron stations in Hawaii during the month of October, generating $350,000 to help fund eligible classroom projects at local public schools.

The Fuel Your School program is part of Chevron’s total commitment to education. Chevron has invested nearly $250 million since 2013, supporting programs that focus on STEM education initiatives designed to arm students and teachers with the critical skills and resources needed to succeed in jobs of the future.

“At Chevron, we know that students are the key to future innovation,” said Carina Tagupa, community relations specialist for Chevron Hawaii. “Through the Fuel Your School program, we’re happy to help our future leaders excel in careers that help solve some of our biggest challenges.”

This year, Chevron’s Fuel Your School program generated more than $8.8 million for local classrooms in 21 U.S. communities and benefitted more than 1 million students by providing them with needed supplies. Chevron fully funded the traditional Fuel Your School program in 16 U.S. markets and local Chevron and Texaco marketers helped fund five additional markets.

Since its inception in 2010, Chevron’s Fuel Your School program has helped fund 33,685 classroom projects at 5,155 schools in the U.S. The program’s impact has grown each year to support students in many communities where Chevron has business operations.

FYS 2015 results and recipients for Hawaii County:

The following 46 Hawaii County public school teachers received a total of $36,626 from the 2015 FYS program:

  • Connections New Century Public Charter: Mrs. Thatcher, Mrs. Wines
  • Hawaii Academy of Arts & Science Charter: Mrs. Wells
  • Hilo Intermediate: Mr. Aki
  • Hilo Union Elementary: Ms. Cheever-Follett
  • Hookena Elementary: Ms. Staup, Ms. Hanato
  • Innovations Public Charter: Mrs. Withrow, Ms. Dehning, Ms. Schiller, Mrs. Santos, Mr.Stroud, Mrs. Stroud
  • Kau High and Pahala Elementary: Mr. Berry
  • Kahakai Elementary: Mr. Chen, Ms. Cabilin
  • Ke Kula O Ehunuikaimalino School: Ms. Stevens
  • Keaau High: Mrs. Booth
  • Kealakehe Elementary: Ms. Apele, Ms. Talasko, Ms. Curlin
  • Kealakehe High: Ms. Dahlke, Mr. White, Mr. Shelor
  • Kealakehe Intermediate: Mr. Williams
  • Kohala Elementary: Mrs. Thomas
  • Konawaena Elementary: Mr. Graves, Mrs. Yusko
  • Konawaena High: Mr. Pascual, Teacher Obregon, Mr. Watson
  • Konawaena Middle: Mr. Leinonen
  • Laupahoehoe Community Public Charter: Ms. Tripp
  • Naalehua Elementary: Ms. Whiting
  • Paauilo Elementary & Intermediate: Ms. Anderson
  • Prince Kalanianaole Elementary: Mrs. Romo
  • Volcano School of Arts & Science Public Charter: Mr. Wells, Mrs. Warner
  • Waiakea Elementary: Mr. Hokoana
  • Waiakea Intermediate: Mr. Inouye, Mr. Moreau
  • Waikoloa Elementary & Middle: Ms. Greenberg, Ms. Clemes
  • Waimea Elementary: Ms. Carvalho
  • Waters of Life Public Charter: Mrs. Carvalho, Ms. Aoki

Parker Students Collect 4.75 Tons for Local Food Banks

Parker students, families, faculty and staff gathered on November 25, the day before Thanksgiving, to celebrate the school’s 4th Annual ‘Ohana Day.  This celebration marked the end of a month-long canned food drive by students which raised a historic total of 4.75 tons of food.

“Parker upper school students stand in an empty flat bed truck after dropping off a record 4.75 tons of canned food items which was split between Annunciation Church’s Food Bank and Kokua Ministries at New Hope Church.”

“Parker upper school students stand in an empty flat bed truck after dropping off a record 4.75 tons of canned food items which was split between Annunciation Church’s Food Bank and Kokua Ministries at New Hope Church.”

Donated items, plus $1,000 raised by Parker students in the National Art Honors Society, was split in half and donated to Annunciation Church’s Food Bank and Kokua Ministries at New Hope Church, both in Waimea.

More than 200 students in grade 6-12 spent the morning volunteering within the Waimea community. Students helped with improvement and maintenance efforts at the Waikoloa Stream, Waimea Elderly Housing, St. James Episcopal Church and Thrift Store, as well as around the school’s 23 acre campus. “Thanks to the experience of ‘Ohana Day, our students take away a genuine sense of pride and accomplishment in their combined efforts to give back to our community,” says Tina Doherty, Middle School Head.

“Lower school students enjoying an all-school and family chili cook as part of the school’s Ohana Day.”

“Lower school students enjoying an all-school and family chili cook as part of the school’s Ohana Day.”

Upon returning to campus, Parker’s extended ‘ohana gathered outside the school’s 100 year old Kahilu Hall for a short ceremony announcing the food drive totals.  After filling three flatbed trucks with food drive donations, more than 320 students and their families enjoyed a meal together on the schools front lawn.  With more than 12 entries into the annual chili and soup cook off competition, attendees were thankful for the food and community the day provided.

“In the spirit of the Thanksgiving holiday, ‘Ohana Day allows Parker students the opportunity show their collective gratitude and thanks with our extended Waimea community through small acts of service followed by the fellowship of sharing a meal together on campus,” says Deena Carey, Upper School Head.

UH Hilo Student Association President and Volunteer Filing Temporary Restraining Orders on Reporters

On Thursday, 12/2/15, in the District Court of the Third District Judge Harry heard from 2 UH Hilo students who filed temporary restraining orders (TROs) against 2 UHSUnews reporters. UH Hilo Student Association (UHHSA) President Lazareth Sye and UHHSA volunteer Brian Lebeda filed the TRO against reporters Ryu Kakazu and Donovan Shouse. UHSUnews applied for and was granted ‘extended coverage’ to film the Lebeda v Shouse court case and can be seen at the link here.


While student union reporters were charged with harassment due to participating in the student government’s public meetings, we maintained the right of the free press and referenced what UH Hilo UH Hilo Dean of Students told UHHSA in their public senate meeting that the meetings were public and may be recorded ( see 10/5/15 YouTube here ).

After the judge told Lebeda that filming in public is legal and appropriate, Lebeda said in the courtroom, “she [Dean Oaks] told me that these public [UHHSA] meetings were not public. That is why I am proceeding with this.” Judge Freitas responded, “I have a difficult time finding meetings that are private because if meetings were private no one could go.” When questioned later Oaks said, “I am more than a little surprised a judge would allow hearsay in a legal proceeding. As it relates to recording, we did consult with our legal counsel on this matter as there appeared to be some confusion.  UHHSA meetings, according to their documents as they currently read, are open meetings.”


The complaints stem from Sye and Lebeda enforcing rules that were in violation of the constitutional right for reporters to film public UHHSA meetings. Disregarding what Dean Oaks said, they continued to put restrictions on participation while objecting to the reporters’ ability to film the public UHHSA meetings. UHHSA members posted signs (see link here and here)on the entrance to the public UHHSA meetings on these dates: 10/8, 10/15, 10/23, 10/30, and 11/5/15. One of the signs stated recording devices were prohibited in the meeting, which is a violation of state law, UH policies, UHHSA constitution, and the US constitution. UHSUnews reporters attended meetings on 10/8, 10/15, 10/23, 10/30, and 11/5/15. UHSUnews reporter Donovan Shouse was denied access to the 10/15 UHHSA meeting by an UHHSA member.

UHHSA Senator Briki Cajandig, one of three UHHSA senators who voted to allow the recording, stated at the 10/23 UHHSA meeting, “I feel that you should be able to.” Cajandig later said, “The power to record shouldn’t solely lie in the hands of an entity that is running an open and public meeting. There needs to be transparency, accountability, and trust between our students and their representatives. This is vital. The Senate is responsible for representing our students; we need to account for their voice in any decision we make. By creating any rules that hinder this kind of student participation, we are going against the voice of our students.”

At the 10/30/15 UHHSA meeting UH Hilo Campus Security threatened UHSUnews reporters. Campus Security threatened the reporters telling them that if they did not leave the meeting, security would call the police to physically eject them from the meeting ( see 11/4/15 press release link here). One of the press members filed a complaint with UH Hilo Director of Security Darrell Mayfield on 11/3/15 ( link to complaint here). Mayfield has not responded.


Campus Center Director Ellen Kusano was the acting UHHSA adviser at the 10/30/15 UHHSA meeting, is the official liaison to UHHSA and UH Hilo (see link job description). Kusano is also named on the recent lawsuit against UH regarding free speech where UH paid $50K and updated their ‘Free Expression’ policy as a result (see free speech overview link here).

In the 10/5/15 UHHSA meeting, UH employee Leomi Bergknut was acting UHHSA adviser. In that meeting, UH Hilo Dean of Students Kelly Oaks told UHHSA that recording devices are legal in public meetings. In response to recording a meeting for personal purposes Bergknut said, “as a Native Hawaiian I do not like to be filmed or recorded.” Bergknut is also named on the above referenced free speech lawsuit.

UHHSA Adviser Shara Mahoe in the 10/8/15 UHHSA meeting requested funding from UHHSA, the organization she was voluntarily supervising, to contribute additional monies on top of the salary she already receives. This is possibly a violation of Hawai’i Revised Statutes §84-13(4) which states,  “You may not engage in a substantial financial transaction with a subordinate or person or business you inspect or supervise in your official capacity.” Just after the student union published the meeting for public view, Mahoe resigned from UHHSA on 11/5/15, but is still employed at UH Hilo.

Anonymous student conduct codes filed against union reporters; Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs investigated and dismissed the allegations.

An anonymous student conduct code complaint was filed with UH Hilo directed at UHSUnews reporters, the news branch of the student union.The Student Union, a registered independent student organization (RISO) at UH Hilo. Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs, Gail Makuakane-Lundin dismissed the complaint saying, “UHHSA’s constitution states, ‘All meetings shall be open and publicized.’ You [reporter] as a member of UHSU did attend scheduled UHHSA Senate meetings on October 8, 2015 and October 23, 2015,” and, “Your participation in the UHHSA Senate meetings did not rise to the level of intimidation or harassment or that it disrupted UH activities. You did not engage in disorderly behavior,” and, “The evidence does not support the finding of a violation of UH Hilo Student Conduct Code.” The VCSA went on to recommend mediation between UHHSA and UHSU, “to talk about and resolve differences.”

Jennifer Ruggles, former UHHSA Senator for College of Business and Economics and current student union reporter, “Basically UHHSA is violating state law, their own constitution, UH policies, and the US constitution,” …“It is shocking how students are being misled in ways that can forever tarnish their record. The unfortunate reality is UHHSA is not receiving the ethical and adequate guidance they need from UH Hilo,” Ruggles said.

UHSU will be filing complaints this week.