24th Annual Hawaii International Tropical Fruit Conference Coming Up

The 24th Annual Hawaii International Tropical Fruit Conference is September 12-14 at the Kahili Golf Course. All attendees registering before August 1 enjoy a discounted fee of up to $75; visit hawaiitropicalfruitgrowers.org for details.

Geared to farmers, educators, orchard managers and proponents of sustainable agriculture, the weeklong event is presented by the statewide Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers (HTFG) and open to the public.

The conference is titled “It’s All About Production” and offers a variety of breakout sessions, plus visiting researchers and agro experts.

Roger Leakey

Roger Leakey

Professor Roger Leakey, crop physiologist, will give the keynote address, “The Domestication of Tropical Trees as New Fruit and Nut Crops.” Dr. Leakey is the former director of research at the International Center for Research in Agroforestry and professor of agroecology and sustainable development of James Cook University in Australia.

Other speakers include tree-pruning expert Dr. Yoshimi Yonemoto of the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, who will offer “Training and Pruning for Production,” He will demonstrate how to keep mangos under 5 feet tall and produce copious amount of fruits, while Dr. John Preece of the USDA and National Clonal Germplasm Repository in California will discuss “Vegetative Propagation of Difficult Woody Plants.”

Considered the world’s leading expert on post-harvest technology, the University of Hawai’i’s Dr. Robert Paull will do a dinner presentation on “Phenology, Productivity and Profits.”

Ken Love of the Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers displays varieties of mangos grown in Hawaii.

Ken Love of the Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers displays varieties of mangos grown in Hawaii.

HTFG Executive Director Ken Love says intimate breakout sessions will cover specific crops, while delving into a wide range of topics like “Selling to Whole Foods” by Steve Carey and “Soil Vitality and On-Farm Mentoring” by Vince Mina. Breakout presenters include Scot Nelson, Gabe Sachter-Smith, Craig Elevitch, Tom Baldwin, Brian Lievens, Leakey, Yonemoto, Preece and Paull. In addition, there will be Sunday roundtable and panel discussion touching on marketing and “Where Do We Go from Here?”

The annual gathering continues September 15-19 with day-long mini sessions in Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, Hilo and Kona. Mini-conferences will include presentations by speakers, plus on-site visits to member’s farms and greenhouses.

Registration forms and fee schedule are available at www.htfg.org or by contacting Love at kenlove@hawaiiantel.net or Mark Suiso at suiso@aloha.net.

Impact of RIMPAC, Balancing the Benefits

Dozens of ships from nearly two dozen countries are arriving in Pearl Harbor this week for the start of RIMPAC – Rim of the Pacific Exercise. RIMPAC 2014 will be held in waters and airspace in and around Hawaii for five weeks beginning June 26.

On Board the USS Ronald Reagan during the 2010 RIMPAC exercises

On Board the USS Ronald Reagan during the 2010 RIMPAC exercises

RIMPAC brings international participants together to foster and sustain cooperative relationships. Training during RIMPAC builds credible, ready maritime forces that help to preserve peace and prevent conflict.

RIMPAC is hosted by U.S. Pacific Fleet, which is headquartered here, and led by U.S. Third Fleet, which is headquartered in San Diego and will have most of its key staff here throughout the exercise. The exercise will be based at Navy Region Hawaii, which includes Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, and the Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai. Training will also be held at Marine Corps Base Hawaii and several other locations in the state.

USS Lake Erie (CG 70) fires a Standard Missile-2 during exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2012. Twenty-two nations, more than 40 ships and submarines, more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel are participating in RIMPAC exercise from Jun. 20 to Aug. 3, in and around the Hawaiian Islands. The world’s largest maritime exercise, RIMPAC provides a unique training opportunity that helps participants foster and sustain cooperative relationships that are critical to ensuring the safety of the sea lanes and security on the world’s oceans. RIMPAC 2012 is the 23rd exercise that began in 1971. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class (SW/EXW) Derek R. Sanchez/RELEASED

USS Lake Erie (CG 70) fires a Standard Missile-2 during exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2012. Twenty-two nations, more than 40 ships and submarines, more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel are participating in RIMPAC exercise from Jun. 20 to Aug. 3, in and around the Hawaiian Islands. The world’s largest maritime exercise, RIMPAC provides a unique training opportunity that helps participants foster and sustain cooperative relationships that are critical to ensuring the safety of the sea lanes and security on the world’s oceans. RIMPAC 2012 is the 23rd exercise that began in 1971. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class (SW/EXW) Derek R. Sanchez/RELEASED

Hawaii’s operating areas and ranges offer realistic, relevant training opportunities like nowhere else in the world.

Participating service members will focus on land, sea and air training in addition to humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, maritime security operations, sea control and complex warfighting procedures.

Submarine surfaces next to the USS Chung-Hoon during the 2010 RIMPAC Exercises

Submarine surfaces next to the USS Chung-Hoon during the 2010 RIMPAC Exercises

Environmental stewardship and protection of marine mammals are always top priorities during naval operations. In the weeks leading up to RIMPAC, crews receive training on sighting marine mammals and required protective measures. Participants follow established and approved procedures to minimize the potential impact on marine life.

Some Temporary Noise and Crowds

With 25,000 participants coming to Hawaii, noise, crowds and traffic will increase in the last week of June and through the end of July. But with the temporary inconveniences, there are tangible and intangible benefits to the state.

According to the Hawaii State Department of Business and Economic Development and Tourism Research and Economic Analysis Division, the initial economic benefit for RIMPAC 2014 is projected to be $52.5 million, based on the number of exercise participants and their time in port.

By the end of RIMPAC, officially Aug. 1, the overall economic benefit is expected to be tens of millions of dollars higher than $52.5 million after purchases of supplies, fuel and food or the spending by family and friends of participating personnel are calculated.

RIMPAC Line UpAlso, after experiencing the Aloha spirit of the people of Hawaii and seeing the natural beauty of the ʻāina, the visiting spouses, children, extended family members and friends of participants are expected to return home and “talk story” about the islands, extending the benefits for years to come.

Raising Discussion of Garage Door Openers

During RIMPAC some remotely operated garage door openers may be temporarily affected. This can occur if the device is a type (FCC-regulated but unlicensed Part 15) that operates on frequencies reserved for federal government systems.

Remotely controlled garage door openers legally operate at a very low power on an unlicensed basis. Therefore, they can be affected by electromagnetic activity that is generated by navy ships, civilian boaters or other sources.

Such devices may not work properly from time to time, especially if they aren’t pointed directly at the door. If that happens, drivers may have to remove the opener from their sun visor and point it directly at the door. If the opener still doesn’t work right, garage door owners may have to open and close their doors manually or consider other options for a short time.

The Navy is required to test commercial surface search radars in port prior to getting underway and as part of scheduled maintenance. Surface search radars are available commercially, used by civilian boaters and not a safety issue. Exercising safety is a top priority for the Navy.

To be sure their garage door opener will function properly, owners may want to check with their garage door company. At least one company in Hawaii asks their customers to be patient in dealing with the inconvenience, “for a short bit of time, [but] for a lifetime of safety and freedom.”

The LCAC Hovercraft that transported me out to the USS Essex.

The LCAC Hovercraft that transported me out to the USS Essex

To learn more about RIMPAC, please visit http://www.cpf.navy.mil/rimpac/2014/
For questions about RIMPAC, please call the Combined Information Bureau. Media can call 808-472-0240. The general public is invited to call 808-472-0235.

Body of Missing Free Diver Recovered Near Turtle Bay – Identified

The Coast Guard has recovered the body of a missing free diver approximately 10 miles offshore of Turtle Bay.

Nick Spokaeff

Nick Spokaeff

Nicholas Spotkaeff was located by a good Samaritan who was boating offshore.

The good Samaritan contacted local authorities and a Coast Guard 45-foot Response Boat-Medium boat crew was diverted to the scene.

The body was was recovered and transported back to Haleiwa Harbor where local emergency medical personnel were waiting.

“Our thoughts and prayers are with the family members during this extremely difficult time,” said Capt. Shannon Gilreath, Coast Guard Sector Honolulu commanding officer. “Our gratitude goes out to all those involved in the search who helped bring it to closure.”

Watchstanders at Coast Guard Sector Honolulu received a report from crewmembers at Ocean Safety regarding the missing 56-year-old male free diver who was last seen swimming with his son in the vicinity of Ka’ena Point, Saturday.

The son lost sight of his father when he was on shore and the father was approximately 100 yards north of Ka’ena Point.

An MH-65 Dolphin helicopter crew from Coast Guard Air Station Barbers Point, the crew of the 87-foot Coast Guard Cutter Kittiwake, homeported here, a 45-foot Response Boat-Medium boat crew from Coast Guard Station Honolulu and crews from Ocean Safety and the Hawaii Fire Department searched for the man.

UH Hilo College of Arts and Science Announces Spring 2014 Dean’s List

The following students in the University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo College of Arts and Sciences have been named to the Dean’s List for the spring 2014 semester.

UH Hilo Moniker

They include:

Leilani Maijastina Abaya, Janjake Z. Abedania, Jenna Louise Acia, Nicholas Jack Ackerman, Anthony A. Actouka, Melissa Ellen Adams, Robert Wallace K Adviento, Breanna Teiko Ann Aguiar, Brittany Rachael Ahn, Ka’alalani Wilson Ahu, Jessica Ann Akiona, Alston Alika Albarado, Erica Kathleen Amundson, Tiani Arlana Sachiko Anang-Shimabukuro, Keehinani Mikiala Victoria Andrade, Anshuka Anshuka, Brandi J. Antonio, Krista Natsuko Aoki, Shanley Apele, Brandon Scott Tsuyoshi Arakaki, David James Arakawa, Justin King Shan Tooru Araki-Kwee, Megan Lilinoe Araujo, Jamie L.H. Araujo-Rosa, Kana Asama, Colleen Marie Aubrey, Heather Rae Bailey, Christan Sadao Balicoco, Paul Jacob Barch, William Judson Barden, Sydney Lee Barney, Ashley Alexa Bass, Peter Charles Bennett,

Lars Arthur Bergstrom, Alyssa Ann Berry, Jahnu D. Best, Aaron James Bishop, Kalaiakea Mary Blakemore, Alize Marie Blas, Kyra Lynn Blue, Lindsey Siqian Bohnert, Casey William Bolger, Audrey Claire Bonk, Jocelyn Anne Borek, Zachary Edward Boysen, Sari Anne Breitenfeldt, Anashe Brooks, Chanelle Marie Brooks, Kavan Peter Brown, Benjamin Garrett Browning, Kevin Alexander Bruce, Ashley Dawn Buasriyottiya, Kailah Michelle Buchanan, Sydney Maemi Cabanas, Blythe Sierrah Cabanting, Kacie R.K.K. Cabarloc, Goody Butay Cacal, Joseph Kuali’i Lindsey Camara, Vada Grace Cambio, Sheryl Lyn Ubaldo Cariaga, Imelda Auxiliadora Da Conceicao Carlos, Sean Leo Carlos, Devin Lee Kaikane Carlson, Renee Francis Carlson, Vanessa Lynn Carlson, Christina Noel Cauley, Tani K. Chamberlin, Emily Jane Puamahina Charman, Matt Chen,, Katlin J. Chesney, Marymargaretrose Cheung-fuk, Alexis Yuk Lan Ching, Kealii Andrew Cho, BoRam Choi, Skyler L.H. Chun-Ming, Kobie Lehua Clarke, Jordan Bledsoe Concannon, Nicole C. Conley, Taylor Alexandra Coons, Caitlyn Nicole Corfey, Renee Lynn Corpuz, Elyssa Rae-Ann Correia, Alysha Ann Kehaulani Cosier, Leanne Elizabeth Crain, Trixie Alice Croad, Angel Lee Cruz, Angeline Marie Cruz, Andrea Kae Dacar, Chelsey Mae Dahl,

Alric Alvarez Dalere, Angelo Davis, Victoria Gladys Davis, Theodore Joseph Maka’iwi DeRego, Liliana Gene DeSmither, Megan Piilani Noelani Decoito, Axel Junior Defngin, Thomas M. Dela Cruz, Kanoelani Kikue Delatori, Dustin Casey Kuikahi Delima, Kasen Kamuela Delos Reyes, Cassidy James Puuone Dixon, Jesse Marco Dodt, Stacie Emiko Doi, Noah Patterson Dolim, Shaylin K. Domingcil, Ryan S. Domingo, Ryder Pueo Donahue, Jason Heyes Donaldson, Pedro Dos Santos, Katrina Elise Downey,

Mike Dowsett, Kaylie Lynn Drew, Alejandra Evajean Duarte, Julie Padua Duhaylongsod, Sarah Itai Dunaway, Aubrie Elaine Eaton, Jacqueline Frances Economy, Louise Marie Economy, Rachel A. Edwards, Tiffany Marie Epping, Tiffany Grace Erickson, Chelsey Hali’ilaulani Erickson-Vierra, Richard M. Esterle, John Richard Evans, Zachary Chung Everett, Christina Marie Evert, Maria Carla Sampang Felix, Rachel Anne Sampang Felix, Emily Fernandes, Sharrylei Fernandez, Erik Daniel Ferreira,

Chelsea Kahealani Field, Tiffany Danielle Fisk, Doug Walter Fitzpatrick, Hannah Louise Flanery, Carlee Hope Fleck, Kayleigh Elizabeth Flynn, Joseph John Fontana, Amber Rose Fontes, Amanda Kathleen Ford, Amber Marie Forrestal, Cory Aikau French, Joshua Allen Fuentes, Kana Fujihira, Kendra Akemi Fujioka, Keri Reiko Fujiwara, Ashley Ayaka Fukuchi, Ryder Kaleikoa Furukado, Summer Galon-Mizusawa, Geralynn Cadelina Gamayo, Dayna Lynn Pu’unani Ganigan, Jeremy Ramos Ganir, Desha Ann Hiroko Napua Gapusan, Grace Christina Garberson, Jonathan Robert Garnett, Wilfred Tyler Gee,

Zachary Geisterfer, Emma-Lei Ohalani Gerrish, Hattie Le`a Gerrish, Tuan Giai Giang, Rachel Michelle Gorenflo, Kiersten Gabrielle Gormeley, Lauren K.A.H Grace-Finley, Christine Louise Gray, James Cecil Green, Rachel Grace Greenbach, Ava Shruti Kartik Greenwood, Amanda Lee Grelock, Jessica Lynn Griffiths, Kylie Judith Grogg, Kalai Kamalanai Michiko Grothmann, Ole Christian Hagestad, Rebecca Ann Hahn, Brittany Krystal Hale, Ivana Mahealani Hall, Jamaica Ann Hancock,

Kawehiokaiulani Mieko Elizabeth Hanohano, Jenna M. Harburg, Margaret Alyse Harris, Shane Allen Harrison, Alexander Dean Hedglen, Jordan Kekoa Esprecion Heltz, Zachary David Kahue Heltz, Karl Robert Hennen, John Gregory Herman, Alexandria Aspen Herring, Brad Pono Higa, Caitlin Rose Higa, Garret Hayato Ly Hino, Iris Hsing Mei Hirayama, Karlie Marie Hoekstra, Rebecca K. Hogan, Corinna Marie Holfus, Emily Kuho’oki’eki’e Ferreira Holt, Eric Miller Holub, Blake Y. Honda, Brock G. Honda,

Tiana Nanayo Kuuleialoha Honda, Alyssa Michelle Hoshide, Asia Carolynne Howe, Samantha Ai Howell, Christina Huckfeldt, Adrian Takeo Huff, John Mead Hunter, Laura Elizabeth Ibbotson, Zachary Kanoeau Vili Ifo, Kai Aaron Igarashi, Kadi Mie Igawa, Chihiro Inaguma, BeeJay Idian Ines, Kevyn-Bren K. Inouye, Carrie Ga lai Ip, Kelsey Kazuyuki Ito, Linda Gabriela Ixtupe, Rina Mae Vinluan Jabilona, Jessica Jacobs, Erika Rose Jardin, Alyssa Patricia Jasso, Joahnna Javaluyas,

Haley Sue Jerman, Michael Jerry, ShoaAxum Salasse William Johnson, Casey Marshall Jones, Kyle Kepano Jones, Mikayla Jade Jones, Kaycie Chiemi Jyo, Jarin S. Kadooka, ‘I’inimaikalani Keali’ikua’aina Kahakalau, Morrisa Shaye Kahakui, Kawena Kuulei Kahui, Ayaka Kajiura, Kaimipono Shane Kajiyama, Tira Makanamaikalani Kamaka, Cami Chieko Kanahele, Tia Lee Kauiheleole Kanoe, Kawehi Mariko Kanoho-Kalahiki, Noelani Satsuki Kansaku, Evianne Elise Keeney, Marina J. Kelley, Ashley Irene Kennedy, Richard Maxwell Kerr, Ada Kettner, Ara Kim,, Duk Hwan Kim, Hyelim Kim, Macie Yoshiko Kim, Peter Allen Kim, Mary Louise Yasuko Kimura, Satoko Kin, Gavin Cole Kinoshita, Rachel Alana Kishimoto, Christopher Zdenek Kluzak, Amber L. Koker, Eivind Kolaas, Hyesun Kong,

Daniel Jacob Konkler, Nada Kotaishova, Kristen Rachel Krieger, Kealiiahonui Alik Kuikahi, Johann Wei-Xin Kuipers, Luke Andrews Kupcha, Franchael K. Laimana, Meadow Rose Lambert, Amy Gaylene Landers, Brittney M. Lane, Tynan Cody Lazarus, Junbeom Lee, Robert A.F. Lee, Shanda Leilani Lee, Jobe Kekoa Angel Leialoha, Meredith June Lenz, Cynthia Marie Lilleston, Hannah Ida Lipman, Sarah Anne Lips, Elijah C.R. Livingston, Danalynne Ki’ilani Llacuna, Kawehi Marie Kane Lopez, Michael Ryan Lovell, Alyssa Kealohi Loving, Chari-Ann G.. Luis-Calvo, Blaine CM Luiz,

Kristy Lynn Lungo, Alayna Rachelle Leilani Machacek, Meghan Bailey Makanani, Ian Tadashi Makida, Kate Manzano Malasig, Ashley Alohilani Alyce Maldonado, Kayla Anne Malott, Amber K. Manini, Kerson Tachedesel Mariur, Keelee Jade Martin, Shae Alexandria Massie, Anna Claire Masuda, Amber Sunshine Masulit, Carle-Ann Kaiulani Mata, Sheena Eulani Mathews, Kelley Kurt Matsumoto, Evan Seki Matsuyama, Mathew Robert Mauldin, Joseph Edward Maxwell, Meghan Renee Meier McGrath, Angelo Alcino Menezes Guterres Aparicio, Chad Ethan Miguel-Harris, Bryce Evan Miles-Leighton, Thane Bryan Milhoan, Francis Blake Miller, Jessica Aurora Miller, Maikai Koonohiokala Miller,

Emily Hannah Minakin, Amanda Joan Minney, Ashley Masae Minobe-Nacua, Norman Zuniga Mogote, Celina Ilikea Monge, Ariel Kahoniahiku Moniz, Sherise-Charity Moani Keala o ka awapuhi Moniz, Hannah Moore, Michael J.M.K. Mulkey, Koran Nichole Munafo, Lindsey Kealohalani Elilai Muranaka, Kenneth Kansuke Nagata, Angela Fumiko Nakamura, Richard Toshi Nakamura, Kerri Mika Nakatsu, Remi Nakaza, Robynn Ailynn Ines Namnama, Cameron Robert Nance, Kirstie Kanoelani Akemi Naone, Byers Hoapili Naope, Allyssa Leilani Nau, Jordan Lyle Keoni Nauka, Kara Marie Nelson,

Anjenette Viernes Nicolas, Jaysen Christopher Niedermeyer, Scott Laurence Nielsen, Nina Kawehi Nihipali, Mikiko Ninomiya, Anela Lani Nishimoto, Lindsey Lani Nishimura, Allen Gail Yvette Niere Nitura, Nicole Chelsea Jean Nonies, Rochelle N. Nowaki, Angelica M. Nuyen, Daniel Bernard O’Halloran, Michelle Rico Odasco, Steven Mitsuaki Ogi, Zechary Palaina Okamoto, Stephanie-Leanne Shigeko Okumura, Helio Miguel Arcanjo Oliveira De Araujo, Jenae Marie Olson, Morgan Olson, Karen Konohikiokalani Ota, Hiroyuki Otsubo, Evan Kauanoe Oue, Jamie Jungeun Ouye, Wesley Dean Owens,

Aimee Lynn Leinaala Pacheco, Cheynielle Minoakalani Pacheco, Ciera Moanilehua Pagud, Basanta Raj Pahari, Fagalima Lenell Paleafei, Bronson Paul Amio Palupe, Isaac Kuuiponohea Pang, Kirsten Leigh Pang, Jannah Gaile Pante, Marian Grace Andrada Paras, Kirsty Zeandra Parker, Kristine Pasek, Kara Lianne Paulachak, Casey Jay Low Pearring, Kristin M. Pedersen, Kori Laine Pedraja, Jessica Marie Penaranda, Elizabeth Mischell Pennock, Kahiau Raymond Tatsumi Peralta, John Henry Albert Pezzuto, Kaylie Renee Pickup, Loaa K Pine, Hye Jin Piper, Robert Frank Piper, Robert Michel Pipes,

Tyler Melvin Vermudez Pitpit, Kyle Robert Pittman, Arwen May Potochney, Zachary Alan Pratt, Stevan Premovic, Ashley Ray Pugh, Kori Gaila Quander, Vernon Kalani Quiocho, Laurel Rain, Micah Rhobelyn Tunac Ramos, Crystal Jenna Rances, Rachel Lily Rechtman, Stacey Elisabeth Reed, Jessica Ramos Regpala, Maricel Masing Reid, Chelsey Kristin Rickert, Adan William Rodrigues, Koa Henry Damien Rodrigues, Analysa G. Rodriguez, Rebecca Marie Rogers, Saul David Rollason, Gerry Abergido Romero, Kainoa Kamakani Rosa, Makoa Rosa, Kevin Lewis Rose, Robin Christian Rudolph,

Alicia Marie Ryan, Ardena M.J. Saarinen, Christa Nicole Sadler, Julie Anne Garo Sagabaen, Michelle Ruiz Sahagun, Sam Saidi,, Karl John Sakai, Francis Elliott Sakai-Kawada, Nalei Kapua’a’ala Sampson, Gabriella Martiza Sanchez, Teresinha Santos Da Costa, Christlynn Mary Sappa, Christian Keakaokalani Saragosa, Chelsea Midori Sato, Sigrid Dingle Shizuko Sato, Michael Al Seizen Sayaboc, Emily Linden Schneider, Jordan Scott Scrivner, Samantha Lee Shaw, Justin Yukio Shiigi, Albert Eugene Shim, Hyungchul Shin, Keani Keiko Kamalani Shirai, Sheldon Mitsuru Shishido,

Stephanie Lee Shor, Rebecca Nicole Short, Desiree Luana Shortt, Bennjamin Paul Siemers, Laurie Simon-Boursier, Michelle Rose Smith, Samuel Cabot Smith, Sheila M. Soledad, Sondre Solstad, Carrie Ann Soo Hoo, Ryder K. Souza, Ashley M. Spencer, Ashlin Hope Stahlberg, Ken Lloyd Stallman, Kristen Emily Stalter, James Stilley, Taylor Stokesbary, Natalie Rose Strauss, Cole M.M.M Stremski-Borero, Andrea Stroescu, Caroline Michele Stromick, Jeremy Martin Suguitan, Michael James Takeshi Suguro,

Gary Loui Sur, Yvonne L. Sylva, Caitlin Symons, Dillon K. Tacdol, Hazel Pontanes Tagalicud, Nako Takaki, Tara Miyoko Takamori, John James Gregorio Taman, Jove Jenn Maalihan Taman, Casey Hiroichi Tamura, Wing Sing Tang, Reuben Blake Tate, Alana K. Tavares, Ashley Carol Terrell, Sarah Rose Theesfeld, Rachel Lorraine Thompson, Natasha Marie Thorell, Tyler Thornhill, Sherise U’ilani Johanna Tiogangco, Zachary Tman, Ashley Anne Toland, Taylor Tomita, Ashley Chanel Nobuko Tomori, Jennifer Leigh Trujillo, Jonathan M. Truslow, Kyle Kenta Tsubota, Peter Aaron Tuck,

Shanece Kekainani Turner, Lincoln Moses Tyler, Michelle Emiko Uchida, Christine Joy Calabucal Ucol, Stephanie L. Valant, Korie Lihau Maelia Valeho, Keith Joseph Valentis, Sage Trinidad Van Kralingen, Mark J. Vancamp, Rosella Manja Vaughn, Sage Arianna Vecchio, Jasmine Bae Star Venegas, Shelby Ann U’ilani Vickers, Conan-Cordero Laahia Vierra, Lindsay Marie Vik, Robert Benito Villanueva, Anthony Paul Vizzone, Christopher Vito Vizzone, Nelson Vo,, Michael Edward Voight, Maria Karin Walczuk, Emily Grace Wallingford, Laurence K. Walsh, Claire Elvrum Warner, Sondra Michelle Warren, Valerie Kelly Wasser, Hunter Samuel Wilburn, Brittany Nicole Willbrand, Courtney Taylor Williamson, Joshua Aaron Willing, Henry Chico Wilson, Katherine Elizabeth Wilson,

Leah Adele Wilson, Christina Mei Lin Wine, Stacey Marie Witt, Corey George Yamaguchi, Kelli Emi Yamane, Takuhiro Yamashita, Nicholas William Yamauchi, Eddie Iosinto Yeichy, Darcy Kamalani Yogi, Nicole Michiko Yoneishi, Carl Katsumi Yoshida, Bithiah Yuan, Ye Lin Yun, Marikka Chihiro Zavas, Yuri Alexander Zhuraw, James Hugh Ziegler, Jessica Haley-Lauren Zima-Lee, and Anastasia V. Zosim.

At DOI Hearing, Grassroot Institute Disputes Department’s Authority to Recognize a Hawaiian Nation

Grassroot Institute offers comments questioning legality of and support for a Hawaiian government

Today, the Department of the Interior held the first of a series of public meetings intended to solicit comments on a proposed rule that would, “facilitate the reestablishment of a government-to-government relationship with the Native Hawaiian community.”

Hawaiian Sovereignty Sign

The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii was one of several groups to offer comments and testimony on the proposed rule. In its written comments, the organization urges the Department of the Interior not to pursue the proposed rule, pointing out that there is no historical basis for a Native Hawaiian government as envisioned by the rule; that there are serious questions as to the legality of the nation-building process; that there is a distinct lack of support among Native Hawaiians for the creation of a Hawaiian nation; and that the Department does not have the authority to recognize a Hawaiian government.

In commenting on the question of recognizing a Native Hawaiian government, Keli’i Akina, Ph.D., President of the Grassroot Institute, emphasizes that the only such historical relationship was with the Kingdom of Hawaii, a multi-ethnic state that would not qualify as a race-based tribe:

“[T]he Supreme Court has been clear that tribes are political and not racial entities. The procedure for recognizing a tribe does not include the creation of one where no such entity existed.  While the historical circumstances of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy may be cause for debate, it is undeniable that there has never been an exclusively Native Hawaiian tribe or government either at the time of the overthrow or in the 120 years since.”

In addition, Grassroot pointed out the lack of participation in the Native Hawaiian Roll process as evidence of a general lack of support among Native Hawaiians–especially given the fact that the majority of those enrolled were imported via other lists. Moreover, there remain serious questions about the constitutionality of the race-based Roll process and the concept of a race-based tribe or government in general.

Disputing the authority of the DOI to act in this matter, Dr. Akina commented that:

“The Department of the Interior does not have the authority to recognize a Hawaiian government because the Constitution gives Congress the power to ratify treaties and recognize tribes. Neither the Executive Branch nor the states have the power to create or recognize a tribal government, which thereby makes both the existing nation-building process and any action by the Department of the Interior vulnerable to legal challenge.”

Dr. Akina, who was present at today’s hearing for the purpose of reiterating the Grassroot Institute’s written comments, was optimistic about the outcome of the DOI hearings.

“Though we believe the Department’s proposed rule to be precipitous, unconstitutional, and unwise, there is a silver lining,” he stated. “To date, many of the questions about the formation of a Native Hawaiian government have been ignored. While we may be no closer to getting answers to our concerns, we do have a forum to voice them. The expensive, time-consuming effort to tribalize Native Hawaiians has done little to help the state or the Native Hawaiian community. This is an excellent opportunity for the average citizen to have their voice heard on a critical issue that threatens to divide and reshape our state.”

Grassroot Institute’s written comments on the proposed rule can be read in full here: http://new.grassrootinstitute.org/2014/06/grassroot-institute-comments-on-proposed-doi-rule/