Highlights from the opening day of the final event for the 2010 Stand Up World Tour.
Just happened while looking at zip line article to see your post on Highway 130…
Here is another service you could perform for Kohala area residents….or maybe its island wide…
My lady friend was on her way down from Waimea to the Kohala Hotels, in early November, via Kawaihai when she was suddenly confronted by a cow walking toward her on her side of the road… With traffic to her left going uphill and a ditch on her right she had no option but to hit the cow.
Luckily she had no passenger and the brunt of the impact was lessened by her low nosed Toyota 2001 Camry sort of scooping up the cow and tossing it off her passenger side, taking out her fender, windshield and rear view mirror on that side as it fell…
Poor cow and traumatized Lady Friend….
A strange scene ensued as police arrived as well as various ranchers who looked at the cow and disclaimed responsibility…word was out of yet ANOTHER cow strike…!!
Many people stopped to see that she was OK which she was, apart from shaken up.
What was interesting was the run around she got and information on OTHER cow strikes she accumulated during the ensuing weeks…although branded and numbered, the brand owner claimed to have sold THIS cow to another rancher who at first although a well known figure…refused responsibility…as evidence mounted this person eventually fessed up and agreed to have his insurance assess her vehicle…which is ongoing and may form another story in itself.
However she learned of MANY cow strikes and many people injured….one 24 year old killed just a week ago hitting a loose cow in the broader Kohala Mountain Road area on his new motorcycle…
I am sorry but fence technology has advanced since the 1800′s and it would appear that certain ranchers are not maintaining theirs leading to life threatening and taking encounters…
As we never see any news on these events and as there are a backlog of unsettled damages and injuries, perhaps a blog on this subject could bring pressure on land owners to be more responsible and on legislators to toughen laws and provide better relief for vehicle owners than the usually pathetic insurance settlements…
It was found by networking that a motorist had called in to 911 on that cow 10 minutes before my friend hit it but a major accident on Kohala Mountain Road had Police tied up…..this call also revealed that this specific land/cow owner has had other hits on his loose cows….there is a story of an Oahu Police Officer who on vacation here over a year ago hit a horse on Waipio Valley highway (Honokaa to Waipio) and has yet to receive any compensation…
Let me know what you think…
Ohio State University researchers have found a new way to gauge the depth of the magma chamber that forms the Hawaiian Island volcanic chain, and determined that the magma lies much closer to the surface than previously thought.
The finding could help scientists predict when Hawaiian volcanoes are going to erupt. It also suggests that Hawaii holds great potential for thermal energy.
She discovered that magma lies an average of 3 to 4 kilometers (about 1.9 to 2.5 miles) beneath the surface of Hawaii.
“Hawaii was already unique among volcanic systems, because it has such an extensive plumbing system, and the magma that erupts has a unique and variable chemical composition,” Ditkof explained. “Now we know the chamber is at a shallow depth not seen anywhere else in the world.”
For example, Barton determined that magma chambers beneath Iceland lie at an average depth of 20 kilometers.
While that means the crust beneath Hawaii is much thinner than the crust beneath Iceland, Hawaiians have nothing to fear.
“The crust in Hawaii has been solidifying from eruptions for more than 300,000 years now. The crust doesn’t get consumed by the magma chamber. It floats on top,” Ditkof explained.
The results could help settle two scientific debates, however.
Researchers have wondered whether more than one magma chamber was responsible for the varying chemical compositions, even though seismological studies indicated only one chamber was present.
Meanwhile, those same seismological studies pegged the depth as shallow, while petrologic studies – studies of rock composition – pegged it deeper.
There has never been a way to prove who was right, until now.
“We suspected that the depth was actually shallow, but we wanted to confirm or deny all those other studies with hard data,” Barton said.
He and Ditkof determined that there is one large magma chamber just beneath the entire island chain that feeds the Hawaiian volcanoes through many different conduits.
They came to this conclusion after Ditkof analyzed the chemical composition of nearly 1,000 magma samples. From the ratio of some elements to others – aluminum to calcium, for example, or calcium to magnesium – she was able to calculate the pressure at which the magma had crystallized.
For his studies of Iceland, Barton created a methodology for converting those pressure calculations to depth. When Ditkof applied that methodology, she obtained an average depth of 3 to 4 kilometers.
Researchers could use this technique to regularly monitor pressures inside the chamber and make more precise estimates of when eruptions are going to occur.
Barton said that, ultimately, the finding might be more important in terms of energy.
“Hawaii has huge geothermal resources that haven’t been tapped fully,” he said, and quickly added that scientists would have to determine whether tapping that energy was practical – or safe.
“You’d have to drill some test bore holes. That’s dangerous on an active volcano, because then the lava could flow down and wipe out your drilling rig.”
Filed under: Announcements, Big Island, Environment, Hawaii, Something New?, State Affairs, Unexplained Phenomenon | Tagged: Earth science, Hawaiian Island, Iceland, Lava, Magma chamber, Ohio State University, Volcano | Leave a Comment »